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2014 Farm Bill - Conservation Compliance Crop List

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This webpage provides a list of annual and perennial crops, for the purposes of conservation compliance under the Food Security Act of 1985, as amended.

Where plants are listed as locally determined, they may be treated as annual or perennial based on their use in a local production system. Please check with your USDA Service Center's Natural Resources Conservation Service for the determination specific to your agriculture operation.

Disclaimer:  This listing is provided for producers to determine if the crops they grow are considered annual or perennial for conservation compliance purposes.  It should be noted that this list is not comprehensive.  USDA program participants should contact their local USDA Service Center's Natural Resources Conservation Service for determinations specific to their cultural practices or for plants not listed on here.  Where plants are listed as locally determined they may be treated as annual or perennial based on their use in a local production system. Please check with your USDA Service Center's Natural Resources Conservation Service for the determination specific to your agriculture operation.                


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Crop Name Annual or Perennial
Acerola Perennial
Alfalfa Locally Determined
Almond Perennial
Aloe Vera Perennial
Amaranth Grain Annual
Ambrosia Annual
Annual Forage                  Annual
Annual Ryegrass Annual
Apple Perennial
Apricots Perennial
Aronia (Chokeberry) Perennial
Artichokes Perennial
Asparagus Perennial
Atemoya Perennial
Avocado Perennial
Bamboo Shoots Perennial
Bananas Perennial
Barley                         Annual
Beans Annual
Beets Annual
Blueberry Perennial
Breadfruit Perennial
Broccoflower Annual
Broccoli Annual
Broccolo-Cavalo Annual
Brussel Sprouts Annual
Buckwheat                      Annual
Cabbage                        Annual
Caimito Perennial
Callaloo Locally Determined
Camelina                       Annual
Canary Melon Annual
Canary Seed Annual
Caneberries Perennial
Canola                         Annual
(Star Fruit)
Carrots Annual
Casaba Melon Annual
Cashew Perennial
Cassava Annual
Castor Bean Perennial
Cauliflower Annual
Celeriac Annual
Celery Locally Determined
Chard Annual
Cherimoya Perennial
Cherry Perennial
Chestnuts Perennial
Chia Annual
Chickpeas Annual
Chicory/Radicchio Perennial
Chile Peppers                  Annual
Christmas Trees Perennial
Chufa Annual
Citron Melon Annual
Citrus Perennial
Clover Locally Determined
Coconuts Perennial
Coffee Perennial
Collards Annual
Corn                           Annual
Cotton                         Annual
Crambe Annual
Cranberry Perennial
Cucumber Annual
Cultivated Wild Rice           Annual
Currants Perennial
Dasheen Annual
Dates Perennial
Dill Annual
Dry Beans                      Annual
Dry Peas                       Annual
Eggplant Annual
Einkorn Annual
Elderberries Perennial
Emmer Annual
Fig Perennial
Flax                           Annual
Flowers Annual
Forage Seeding                 Annual
Forage Soybean/Sorghum Annual
Fresh Market Beans             Annual
Fresh Market Sweet Corn        Annual
Fresh Market Tomatoes          Annual
Gailon Annual
Garlic Annual
Genip Perennial
Ginger Annual
Ginseng Perennial
Gooseberries Perennial
Gourds Annual
Grain Sorghum                  Annual
Grape and Table Grape Perennial
Grapes Perennial
Grass Locally Determined
Green Peas                     Annual
Greens Annual
Guamabana/Soursop Perennial
Guar Annual
Guava Perennial
Guayule Perennial
Hawaii Tropical Fruit
(Not otherwise listed)
Locally Determined
Hazel Nuts Perennial
Herbs Locally Determined
Hesperaloe Perennial
Hops Perennial
Horseradish Locally Determined
Huckleberries Perennial
Hybrid Corn Seed               Annual
Hybrid Sorghum Seed            Annual
Indigo Perennial
Jack Fruit Perennial
Jerusalem Artichokes Annual
Jojoba Perennial
Jujube Perennial
Juneberries Perennial
Kale Annual
Kamut Annual
Kenaf Annual
Kiwifruit Perennial
Kochia (Prostrata) Perennial
Kohlrabi Annual
Leeks Annual
Lemons Perennial
Lentils Annual
Lespedeza Perennial
Lettuce Annual
Lima Beans Annual
Longan Perennial
Lychee Perennial
Macadamia Perennial
Mango Perennial
Mangosteen Perennial
Maple Sap Perennial
Mayhaw Berries Perennial
Meadowfoam Annual
Melons Annual
Milkweed Perennial
Millet                         Annual
Mint Perennial
Mulberries Perennial
Mushrooms Annual
Mustard                        Annual
Nectarines Perennial
Nursery crops
(Field grown)
Locally Determined
Nut Trees Perennial
Oats                           Annual
Okra Annual
Olive Perennial
Onion Annual
Papaya Perennial
Parsnip Annual
Passion Fruit Perennial
Pea Annual
Peach Perennial
Peanuts                        Annual
Pear Perennial
Peas Annual
Pecan Perennial
(Heart Of Palm)
Pennycress Annual
Peppers                        Annual
Perennial Peanuts Perennial
Perique Tobacco Annual
Persimmon Perennial
Pineapple Considered Annual
Pistachio Perennial
Plantain Perennial
Plum Perennial
Plumcots Perennial
Pomegranate Perennial
Popcorn                        Annual
Potatoes                       Annual
Processing Beans               Annual
Prune Perennial
Pummelo Perennial
Pumpkins                       Annual
Quinces Perennial
Quinoa Annual
Radishes Annual
Raisin Perennial
Rambutan Perennial
Rapeseed Annual
Rhubarb Perennial
Rice                           Annual
Rutabaga Annual
Rye                       Annual
Safflower                      Annual
Sapodilla Perennial
Sapote Perennial
Scallions Annual
Sesame                         Annual
Shallots Annual
Silage Sorghum                 Annual
Sorghum Annual
Sorghum - Dual Purpose Annual
Sorghum Forage Annual
Soybeans                       Annual
Speltz Annual
Spinach Annual
Squash Annual
Stonefruit Perennial
Strawberries                   Annual
Sudan grass Annual
Sugar Beets                    Annual
Sugarcane                      Considered Annual
Sunflowers                     Annual
Sunn Hemp Annual
Sweet Cherry Perennial
Sweet Corn                     Annual
Sweet Potatoes                 Annual
Swiss Chard Annual
Tangos Annual
Tannier Perennial
Taro Annual
Tea Perennial
Tobacco - Burley                 Annual
Tobacco - Cigar Binder             Annual
Tobacco - Cigar Filler          Annual
Tobacco - Cigar Wrapper         Annual
Tobacco - Dark Air Cured Annual
Tobacco - Fire Cured             Annual
Tobacco - Flue Cured              Annual
Tobacco - Maryland               Annual
Tobacco Virginia Fire Cured Annual
Tomatillos Annual
Tomatoes                       Annual
Triticale Annual
Truffles Annuals
Turnips Annual
Vetch Perennial
Walnut Perennial
Wampee Perennial
Water Cress Perennial
Wax Jamboo Fruit Perennial
Wheat                          Annual
Yam Annual
Zucchini Annual

Field Production Horticulture

Most are perennials, but in a field production setting
they are managed as annuals
(local determination will be required)

(African Lily)
Allium Annuals
(Peruvian Lily)
Anthurium Annuals
Brodiaea Annuals
Butterfly Lilies Annuals
Caladiums Annuals
Calochortus Annuals
Camassias Annuals
Canna Annuals
Carnation Annuals
Chionodoxa Annuals
Colchicum Annuals
Crinum Annuals
Crocsomia (Crocus) Annuals
Crocsomia (Crocus) Annuals
Cyclamen  Annuals
Dahlias Annuals
Dendrobium Annuals
Elephant'S Ear Annuals
Eucharis Annuals
Freesia Annuals
Fritillarias Annuals
(Snow Drop)
Galtonia Annuals
Gladioli Annuals
Gloriosa Lillies Annuals
Haemanthus Annuals
Hyacinth Annuals
Hymenocallis Annuals
Iris Annuals
Ixia Annuals
Lachenalia Annuals
Leucojum Annuals
Liatris Annuals
Lilies (Asiatic, Bugle, Butterfly, Calla, Corn, Easter, Gloriosa, Oriental) Annuals
Milla Annuals
Montbretia  Annuals
Muscari Annuals
Ornithogalum Annuals
Other Orchids Annuals
Protea Annuals
Puschkinia Annuals
Scilla Annuals
Sparaxis Annuals
Sprekelia Annuals
Sternbergia Annuals
Tigridias Annuals
Tropicals Annuals
Tulip Annuals
Vallota Annuals
Watsonia Annuals
Zephyranthes Annuals