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Plant Materials Used for Biofuel

Cultivars of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) developed by the Plant Materials Program are providing the initial native grass feedstocks for the biofuel industry. The cultivars, ‘Alamo’, ‘Kanlow’ and ‘Cave-in-Rock’, developed for soil conservation livestock forage and wildlife in the 1940s became the 2000s biofuel. Native grasses and short rotational woody species with conservation values are evaluated for their potential as biofuel crops. These evaluations provide regional data on biomass production and develop regional management practices.