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Limited English Proficiency - NRCS Most Common LEP Languages

Residence and Languages Most Commonly Spoken By Minority Farmers in The U.S.

Plant Supervisor for Tropical Hawaiian Products and NRCS Conservationist discuss conservation on a papaya orchard in the Waiakea Conservation District in HI.


1. After seeing a 40% increase in the number of Asian American/Pacific Islander (AAPI) farmers in the United States from 2002 to 2007, a majority of AAPI involved in agriculture reside in:

  • Hawaii (34% of all Asian/Pacific farmers)
  • California (5%)

The most common languages spoken among these groups are:

  • Chinese
  • Korean
  • Vietnamese
  • Tagalog (primarily spoken by people originally from the Philippines)

2. The increase in the number of Hispanic or Latino origin farmers from 2002 to 2007 increased by nearly 14%. The states with the highest percentage of Hispanics involved with agriculture reside in:

  • New Mexico (31%)
  • California (11%)
  • Texas (8%)
  • Florida (7%)
  • Hawaii (6%)

3. The increase in the number of American Indian/Alaskan Native (AIAN) farm operators from 2002 to 2007 was 88%. There is no accurate way to gauge the most prominent dialects spoken because there are literally hundreds of different languages spoken among the Tribes. The states with the highest percentage of farmers are:

  • Arizona
  • New Mexico
  • Nevada

4. NRCS LEP Languages by State - State LEP Program Coordinators